Woodworker Dilo Fernandino Featured on Brazilian TV
Introduction: (0:13) Antique furniture and the greatest Brazilian sculptor, Aleijadinho (known as the Little Cripple) have inspired the work of a contemporary Brazilian sculptor. Our TV team followed his creative process, which starts with research and design.
Narrator: (0:27) The origin of it all is what was written in books. Dilo is a researcher of the old woodworking techniques. There are complicated methods that are described only in foreign literature.
Dilo: (0:41) The English-language books, for example, teach elementary things that our old woodworkers used to know, but that most of the young ones do not know any more. For example, how to sharpen a chisel or a scraper.
Narrator: (0:56) Practical knowledge and a keen eye for a special art period: the rococo.
Dilo: (1:03) The carved decoration of a rococo artwork is balanced concerning its vertical axis, but it is asymmetric. One side is different from the other. So I think this "finesse" pleases the eye and is a challenge to the carver.
Narrator: (1:20) Research and talent guide his work. The first lines begin in his study. The project must be precisely drawn.
Dilo: (1:31) Whatever I can draw on paper, I create it in the wood accordingly. If it is not good on the paper, it will be bad in the wood. Sometimes it takes months. My trial sketch has to be laid aside for some time so that my mental concept can ripen. I come back and take a look. If I do not like it, I remake it three or four times, until the moment it pleases me.
Narrator: (1:55) From the study to the tiny shop inside his apartment. The drawing of an ancient Greek god is glued on a board.
Dilo: (2:05) People usually draw it by hand on the wood. However there can be a transposition error in this step. Whenever you transfer a drawing from the paper to the wood, you make a little mistake. The drawing gets distorted. My procedure of gluing the paper to the wood keeps the drawing like the original idea. That one is a glued photocopy to keep its fidelity.
Narrator: (2:31) Dilo is a master of "ebanisterie," a specialty that melds cabinetmaking with sculpture. The particular way in which the work is accomplished makes this craft more extraordinary - done only by hand utilizing traditional tools.
Dilo: (2:47) The feeling of cutting the wood by hand is very pleasant to me. I think the machinery would steal this pleasure from me.
Narrator: (2:58) His tools look like ancient tools.
Dilo: (3:02) I have rasps and files in this toolbox which are used for removing the wood by friction. Those other toolboxes contain chisels. These are English micro chisels from a factory that has been producing chisels for over 200 years. These are Japanese chisels that were made with a very important technology called laminated steel - the same used for producing samurai swords, because it keeps a very sharp edge.
Narrator: (3:44) For carving this way, skill and strength are necessary. The artist sorts from old salvaged wood only the noblest and strongest: rosewood and "pau marfim."
Dilo: (3:56) If you carve in a very soft wood, its fibers will get torn or smashed. The hard wood is difficult to cut, but it accepts the high level of detail you want to define.
Narrator: (4:12) The Poseidon mask is Dilo's most recent work. The first ones were this reliquary [a receptacle for displaying sacred relics] and the crucifix. At that time he was still a sixteen-year-old boy looking for his own style. Afterwards he built the bed, the side tables and other pieces of furniture. He spent five working years to build this cabinet decorated with scrolls, sculptures and masks. His signature written in Latin increases the nostalgic impression.
Dilo: (4:43) I began by sculpting the frontispiece followed by the façade. Afterwards I made its laterals, the Atlases and the abutments. The abutment design was based on my research of Aleijadinho's works found in a Mother Church.
Narrator: (5:06) This Mother Church is famous due to its rich set of Aleijadinho's preserved 18th century artworks: 3 altars and 2 hanging pulpits. The ground pulpit was built by Dilo. It was a challenging commission.
Dilo: (5:20) I was panic-stricken at first. I hesitated to accept such a big commission because my shop is so small.
Narrator: (5:29) However Dilo accomplished it in a record period of time: 45 days. We can imagine how proud he was. Now we can understand the real meaning of the word "achievement."
Dilo: (5:41) I wanted to reach the level of Aleijadinho's feet, and in a way I actually have. Everyone who visits that church will see Aleijadinho's hanging pulpits, and mine standing below them.
(6:09) [Narrator previews a future program]
More articles telling Dilo's story:
Dilo can be reached via email at email@example.com
Visit Dilo's woodworking website at www.carving-in-wood.com
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